Diabetes Type 1 and Type 2
Diabetes is a group of conditions that are described as having a high level of glucose in the blood And usually What is described as blood sugar. High blood sugar may cause serious problems, Sometimes deadly. There are two types of chronic diabetes, which is two cases: Type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Pregnant women may develop diabetes temporarily Or what is called “ pregnancy sugar”, which ends after birth. “ Pre-diabetes” is a condition in which the blood sugar level is on the high above the normal limit, But below the level of diabetes, “ Pre-diabetes” may or may not develop into diabetes.
While digesting food carbohydrates are converted into glucose, which is transported By blood to different body, parts Insulin is a hormone produced by Beta cells in the pancreas are necessary for the introduction of glucose into the target cells In healthy people. Beta cells in the pancreas produce insulin, Insulin binds to its own receptor In the target cells. Glucose is allowed into the cell In type 1 diabetes beta cells in the pancreas. It does not work because the immune system attacks it due to an error.
The cause of this error is still not clear. However, Genetic factors, it is believed, play a key role. Insulin production is limited, A small amount of insulin binds to its receptors on the target cells And more glucose is kept in the blood Type 1. Diabetes affects a person early on and his symptoms usually begin. Suddenly, Before the age of twenty Type, 1, diabetes can be controlled by injecting insulin. Therefore, type 1 diabetes is also called “ insulin, dependent diabetes” In the second type of diabetes. The pancreas produces enough insulin, but something is not right either In the receptors with insulin or signals sent from the target cells, The cells do not become capable On receiving insulin. Glucose cannot enter the cell. Therefore, glucose remains in the blood; In other words, the second type of diabetes is “ insulin, resistant”
And again, genetic factors Increases the risk of disease, But it is believed that lifestyle plays a role Important in the second type of diabetes, Usually obesity, an inactive lifestyle and an unhealthy diet. Factors associated with a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes Type 2. Diabetes affects humans, Late age and symptoms usually appear gradually. After the age of thirty People with type 2 diabetes, They make up 80-90 percent of people with diabetes. Control of the disease is by focusing on losing weight and eating small amounts Of carbohydrates,